Clean Energy Wisconsin: a plan for energy independence. 2008. Governor Jim Doyle. Full document.

Energy Independence & Security Act of 2007: a summary of major provisions. 2007. Congressional Research Service, Report for Congress. Full document.

Hull, S, J Arntzen, C Bleser, A Crossley, R jackson, E Lobner, L Paine, G Radloff, D Sample, J Vandenbrook, S Ventura, S Walling, J Widholm, and C Williams. 2011. Wisconsin sustainable planting and harvest guidelines for nonforest biomass. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison. Full document.

Perlack, RD, LL Wright, AF Turhollow, RL Graham, BJ Stokes, and DC Erbach. 2005. Biomass for feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: the technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply. US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Washington, D.C. Full text.

Sandia National Laboratories. 2009. Executive summary: the 90-billion gallon biofuel deployment study. Full text.

United Nations Environment Program. 2009. Towards sustainable production and use of resources: assessing biofuels. Full text.

U.S. Department of Energy. 2011. U.S Billion Ton Update. Full text.

U.S. EPA. 2011. DRAFT Biofuels and the environment: first triennial report to Congress. EPA/600/R-10/183A. Download full text.


The role of agriculture in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. 2010. Economic Brief No. 15, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. Full text

Biomass Energy Resource Center. 2009. Grass Energy: The basics of production, processing, and combustion of grasses for energy Full text

Bruce Babcock. 2010. Mandates, tax credits, and tariffs: does the U.S. Biofuels industry need them all? Center for Agriculture and Rural Development, Ames, IA. Full text.

Chesapeake Bay Commission. 2007. Biofuels and the Bay: getting it right to benefit farms, forests and the Chesapeake. Full text.

Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy. 2008. Biofuel and global biodiversity. Minneapolis, MN. Full text.

Sims, Bryan. 2011. The importance of biomass supply chain dynamics. Biorefining Magazine. Full text

Wisconsin Bioenergy Initiative. 2011. Fiscal year 2010 Annual report. Full text.


Blank, P., D. Sample, C. Williams, and M. Turner. 2014. Bird communities and biomass yields in potential bioenergy grasslands.PLOSOne. Published online 9 Oct. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109989. Full Text.

L.R. Dehann, S. Weisber, D. Tilman & D. Fornara. 2010. Agricultural and biofuel implications of a species diversity experiment with native perennial grassland plants. Abstract.

Fargione, JE, TR Cooper, DJ Flashpohler, J Hill, C Lehman, T McCoy, S McLeod, EJ Nelso, KS Oberhauser and D. Tillman. 2009. Bioenergy and Wildlife: Threats and opportunities for grassland conservation. Bioscience 59:767-777. Abstract.

Xiaolan Liu and Fred Iutzi. Agricultural Land Use and Policy Considerations of Biomass Feedstock Development: an analysis in Illinois. Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs at Western Illinois University. Full text.

Mabee, WE, PN McFarlane & JN Saddler. 2011. Biomass availability for lignocellulosic ethanol production. Biomass and Bioenergy (in press). Abstract.

Meehan, TD, AH Hurlbert and C Gratton. 2010. Bird communities in future bioenergy landscape of the upper Midwest. PNAS 107: 18533-18538. Abstract.

Meehan, TD, BP Werling, DA Landis and C Gratton. 2011. Agricultural landscape simplification and insecticide use in the Midwestern United States. Published before print July 11, 2011, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1100751108. Abstract.

Powers, SE, JC Ascough II, RG Nelson and GR Larocque. In press. Modeling water and soil quality environmental impacts associated with bioenergy crop production and biomass removal in the Midwest USA. Ecological Modelling (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.02.024. Abstract.

Rossi AM and CC Hinrichs. 2011. Hope and skepticism: farmer and local community views on the socio-economic benefits of agricultural bioenergy. Biomass and Bioenergy 35:1418-1428. Abstract. Full text.

Zaks, DPM and CJ Kucharik. 2011. Data and monitoring needs for a more ecological agriculture. Environmental Research Letters 6:14-17. Abstract. Full text.


Hull, S, J Arntzen, C Bleser, A Crossley, R jackson, E Lobner, L Paine, G Radloff, D Sample, J Vandenbrook, S Ventura, S Walling, J Widholm, and C Williams. 2011. Wisconsin sustainable planting and harvest guidelines for nonforest biomass. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison. Full document.

Rupp, S and B McGuire. 2013. Perennial Herbaceous Biomass Production and Harvest in the Prairie Pothole Region of the Northern Great Plains: Best Management Guidelines to Achieve Sustainability of Wildlife Resources (to be in italics). National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C. Full Document, or download available at:

Sustainability Open Access journal:

Fact Sheets

Switchgrass crop fact sheet: switchgrass.pdf

Big bluestem crop fact sheet: BBS_plantguide_usda.pdf

Prairie cordgrass crop fact sheet: cordgrass_usda_factsheet.pdf Guide: cordgrass_plantguide_usda.pdf

Reed canarygrass crop fact sheet: RCG_factsheet_usda.pdf Guide: RCG_plantguide_usda.pdf

Switchgrass crop fact sheet: switchgrass.pdf

Oak Ridge national Laboratory: Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure: optimizing the evolution of cellulosic biofuel. BiofuelSupplyChainInfrastructure.pdf

Anerobic Digestion and Biogas

UW Extension have created seven modules focused on the use of anaerobic digestion technologies. Details of the process are introduced, as well as factors that influence start-up, operation and control of anaerobic digesters at different scales.

Contact Us:


Carol Williams
(608) 890-3858 (office)
(515) 520-7494 (mobile)
Department of Agronomy
1575 Linden Dr.
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706

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Use of contour buffer strips in commodity crop systems in southwestern Wisconsin helps reduce soil loss and traps nutrients on slopes. Photo courtesy of Wisconsin Farm Bureau Federation.